Many people think that sexual harassment is only a problem in the corporate world.
However it also very commonly effects educational institutions. Because of the provisions
of Title IX, schools are liable for sexual harassment by staff including teachers,
coaches and anybody else an authority position. Sexual harassment is something that
school administrators must be aware of when dealing considering how to train their
Title IX (the federal Equal Opportunity in Education Act) covers all public and
private schools that receive any form of Federal Aid. The Supreme Court ruled that
Title IX also applies to sexual harassment and the Department of Education’s Office
for Civil Rights created guidelines dealing with sexual harassment in schools.
According to the U.S. Department of Education There are many circumstances in which
a school can be liable for sexual harassment. These include:
- Quid pro quo harassment,
- Creation of a hostile environment through an employee's apparent authority,
- Creation of a hostile environment in which the employee is aided in carrying out
the sexual harassment by his or her position of authority, or
- Students sexually harassing other students
Some types of harassment are obvious such as quid pro quo harassment. An example
of this is when a school employee explicitly or implicitly conditions a student's
participation in an education program or activity on the student's submission to
unwelcome sexual advances. But other circumstances such as students sexual harassing
other students is much more subtle. For example if a student complaints to administration
about sexual harassment and the school doesn't take immediate action, the school
could then be liable.
Part of reducing this liability is for the school to immediately respond to any
allegation of sexual harassment and to deal with it effectively. The department
of education has recommendations on how to deal with sexual harassment when they
occur including working to eliminate the hostile environment by among other things,
"conducting sexual harassment training for the school site or academic department
where the problem occurred."
Of course, one of the best ways to reduce liability for sexual harassment is to
prevent it altogether. That's why having a training program for all employees in
sexual harassment is an effective way to reduce the incidence of sexual harassment
in the environment. Often sexual harassment occurs because. And to avoid the liability
of students sexually harassing other students, it's important to make staff and
teachers aware through training of the warning signs of sexual harassment.
Administrators should be aware that there are many options for sexual harassment
training, including on-site training and online sexual harassment training. Often
online sexual harassment training is a good option because it is both effective
and convenient for the schools staff.
For more information read the U.S. Department of Education's Sexual Harassment Guidance: